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1. Ian Abley, trying to articulate an audacious political and economic aim, 5 July 2013, based on the United Nations revised 2012 Medium Fertility projection of the global population for 2050, posted here

2. Antonio Sant'Elia, The Manifesto of Futurist Architecture, published in Lacerba, Florence, 1 August 1914, in Umbro Apollonio, editor, Futurist Manifestos, Museum of Fine Arts Publications, Boston, 2001, p 160 to 172

3. James Heartfield, Green Capitalism - Manufacturing scarcity in an age of abundance,, 2008, p 91, with details of how to buy posted here

4. Professor Dave Chandler, 'Politics as Religion', CSD Bulletin, Centre for the Study of Democracy, London, Summer 2007, Vol 14, p 23 to 25, posted on, an edited extract of his inaugural lecture, 'The Attraction of Post-Territorial Politics: Ethics and Activism in the International Sphere', University of Westminster, London, 2 May 2007; see also

5. Martin Pawley, in his keynote speech at the inaugural audacity conference, Building Audacity, The Building Centre, London, 10 July 2000, posted here

6. James Heartfield, Coalition of the unwilling, New Geography, 7 January 2011, posted here

click here for the RIBA Plan of Work 2013250 New Towns - The club for people with big plans to build

click here for the aims of the 250 New Towns Clubclick here for the 250 Locations indexclick here for Ross Wolfe's series on the Antithesis of Town and Country

Plotlands as a measure of housing affordability 75 years on

click here for the history of NBS from 1973 to 2013

click here for Ian Abley's LinkedIn pageclick here for Ian Abley's Facebook page

Jonathan Schwinge's 2012 Mile High London, dimensionally defined by Ian Abley and CAD modelled by Andrew SheldonFrank Lloyd Wright's 1956 Mile High Illinois

Manmade Modular Megastructures

Homes 2016Why is construction so backward?Sustaining Architecture in the Anti-Machine Age

Simon Punter Photography
Average House Prices by Locality in England and Wales 1995-2015 - ONSclick here for Ross Wolfe's series on the Antithesis of Town and Country
Architect Karl Sharro says you should be free to build what you want - Listen on BBC Radio 4Thought 23 June 2014

Our aim is to industrialise Earth to the advantage of 9,500,000,000 people by 2050, and in production revolutionise our lives. (1)

click here for United Nations World Population Wallchart 2012G8 2013 - Following James Gillray 1805

click here for Elisabeth Blanchet's Prefabs for the Millionsclick here to buy the Unpatriotic History of the Second World War, Zero Books, 2012, by James Heartfield

Ian AbleyMan steps on the Moon, 20 July 1969Ian Martinclick here for ngenuityclick here for Sheldon Peever StudioThomas Paine, 1737 to 1809Where to build?click here for Spaceframe PrinciplesFear of the Draft National Planning Policy FrameworkAndrew Klimanclick here for 3D Creation LabSylvia Pankhurst, 1882 to 1960Agnese SanvitoSolly Angel100,000 homes a year is all that will be built in Britain unless we organise against the Town and Country planning systemMap of English residential land prices in 2007John Burns, 1858 to 1943Elisabeth BlanchetDon't be fooled by these peopleWe oppose One Nation LabourJulia C Johnsonclick here for The Great DebateMary TurnerSimon PunterThe regression of Green CapitalismMartin Pawley - Straight to the pointclick here for NASA imagesYuri Gagarin before launch of Vostok 1, 12 April 1961Cedric Price, 1934 to 2003click here for the International Vacuum Insulation Symposium 2011 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canadaclick here for the International Vacuum Insulation Symposium 2013 at EMPA, Zürich, SwitzerlandSimon Punter Photographyclick here for the Archigram Archival Project by EXP, the Research Centre for Experimental Practice at the Department of Architecture, University of Westminsterclick here for the Vacuum Insulation Networkclick here for the International Vacuum Insulation Symposium 2009 at the Royal Institution, LondonAndrew Brooks250 New Towns Club supports the National Housing Federation's campaign - Don't mention the housing crisisFUTURISM, Tate Modern, London, 12 June to 20 September 2009The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism, 20 February 1909The Communist Manifesto, 1848click here to find out what people might do to resolve the predicament of the peculiar British Housing TrilemmaHands off Dale FarmNever rely on the United NationsDale Farm burns as the eviction startsDale Farm residents face eviction from their own landJonathan Schwinge's 2012 Mile High London, dimensionally defined by Ian Abley and CAD modelled by Andrew SheldonThe 20 New Labour Eco-Towns that will never be builtclick here for the Platypus Affiliated Societyclick here for Ross Wolfe's series on the Antithesis of Town and Countryclick here for the 1984 "monstrous carbuncle" speech by Prince Charles at the 150th anniversary of the RIBAclick here for Big Potatoes - raising the level of discussion and debate about innovation, in the UK and beyondclick here for Laufs Engineering Designclick here for UK Space AgencyThe Hubble Telescope deployed from the Space Shuttle Endeavour on 16 December 1999click here for MateriaBritish Imperialism at G8 2013click here for Aidan Campbell's critique The Leopardclick here for GRAD - Gallery for Russian Arts and Designclick here for the Midnight Oil Literary Consultancyzero carbon nonsense from the Zero Carbon Hub

click here for Schwinge LtdThames Gateway "Cloudpiercer" mile high towers with the Maunsell Forts in the foreground

We support the proposal to transform the Estuary by building the Thames Hub with a new barrier and crossing

Things will endure less than us. Every generation must build its own city. (2)

click here for the Science Photo Libraryclick here for the Science Photo Library

click here for here for New Geography

Environmentalism is the ideology of capitalism in retreat from production. (3)

click here for Living Projects

Photograph courtesy of Andrew Brooks

audacity is a campaigning company concerned with the design and production of the man-made environment, advocating development free from the burden of "sustainababble" and "communitwaddle". We believe in citizens, not cities, but that raises important questions:

clickHow little space we live in 12.07.2012

clickWhere to build? 19.03.2011 9.0Mb Download pdf

clickWhere are the citizens? 09.07.2008

Photograph courtesy of Andrew Brooks

Unless we bring politics back down to earth from heaven our critical, social and intellectual lives will be diminished. (4)

audacity argues for accelerating and advancing development to support the benefits of British and international population growth, promotes high levels of immigration, and applauds greater social aspiration. We believe in expanding political freedoms to build a material world fit for humanity:

clickBritain can't so easily stop the Dependency Culture 31.10.2010

clickPredicting the future of British house building 07.11.2009

clickThe regression of Green Capitalism 27.08.2009

Theatre Set

Sustainability... another way of deciding who is in charge. (5)

audacity organises authoritative international research, engaging seminars, large conferences, a provocative website and a dynamic school of writers, public speakers and photographers. Read us, listen to us, argue with us, write for us and sponsor us with cash!

We had Labour against socialism. Now we have a Conservative government shy about capitalism. (6)

Photograph courtesy of Andrew Brooks

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Renzo Piano's 2011 Central St Giles, Londonclick here for Why is construction so backward? by James Woudhuysen, Ian Abley, Stefan Muthesius and Miles Glendinning, published by John Wiley & Sons 2004click here for Homes 2016 by James Woudhuysen and Ian Abley, the first Broadside supplement from Blueprintclick here for Sustaining Architecture in the Anti-Machine Age, a collection of 18 essays edited by Ian Abley and James Heartfield, published by John Wiley & Sons 2001
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Panorama courtesy of Mark Harrop

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